Northern Hemisphere winter snow anomalies: ENSO, NAO and the winter of 2009/10
Richard Seager; Yochanan Kushnir; Jennifer A. Nakamura; Mingfang Ting; Naomi H. Naik
- Northern Hemisphere winter snow anomalies: ENSO, NAO and the winter of 2009/10
Nakamura, Jennifer A.
Naik, Naomi H.
- Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
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- Geophysical Research Letters
- Winter 2009/10 had anomalously large snowfall in the central parts of the United States and in northwestern Europe. Connections between seasonal snow anomalies and the large scale atmospheric circulation are explored. An El NiÃ±o state is associated with positive snowfall anomalies in the southern and central United States and along the eastern seaboard and negative anomalies to the north. A negative NAO causes positive snow anomalies across eastern North America and in northern Europe. It is argued that increased snowfall in the southern U.S. is contributed to by a southward displaced storm track but further north, in the eastern U.S. and northern Europe, positive snow anomalies arise from the cold temperature anomalies of a negative NAO. These relations are used with observed values of NINO3 and the NAO to conclude that the negative NAO and El NiÃ±o event were responsible for the northern hemisphere snow anomalies of winter 2009/10.
- Environmental science
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