Recruitment of Minority Women and Their Main Sexual Partners in an HIV/STI Prevention Trial
Susan S. Witte; Nabila El-Bassel; Louisa Gilbert; Elwin Wu; Mingway P. Chang; Peter Steinglass
- Recruitment of Minority Women and Their Main Sexual Partners in an HIV/STI Prevention Trial
Witte, Susan S.
Chang, Mingway P.
- Social Work
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- Journal of Women's Health
- Recruiting heterosexual couples into randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to test the efficacy of HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention interventions is a challenge that requires innovative strategies and consideration of ethical issues, including participant safety and confidentiality. Methods: This paper provides a brief review of the literature on minority and couple RCT recruitment and describes the development (preparation phase and protocol development) and implementation (strategies employed and barriers) of a recruitment protocol that safely enrolled 217 predominantly African American and Latino heterosexual couples into a relationship- based, HIV/STI prevention study. Results: The success of this recruitment protocol with no reported adverse events demonstrates the feasibility of engaging urban minority women and men in RCTs. This study builds on a small literature base articulating specific couple recruitment strategies. Conclusion: More research delineating and testing specific strategies for recruiting defined populations into clinical trials is needed to advance the science of study recruitment and improve generalizability of research findings.
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